Thursday, April 27, 2017

C1 26-27/4/17

Homework: Writing activity –a discursive essay-. Pick the most relevant aspect to achieve professional success in life of those presented in exercise one of p. 125 and write a discursive essay like the one presented on that same page. Use the structure in exercise 4 as a reference.


The third biggest Greek population of any city after Athens
Made up of first generation migrant
A long standing migrant community
Participate fully in American life
exˌtended ˈfamily noun [countable]  a family group that consists not only of parents and children but also of grandparents, aunts etc → nuclear family
Close knit community
Social gatherings
Deep rooted values


bul‧le‧tin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ ●●○ noun [countable] 
1 a news report on radio or television
2 an official statement that tells people about something important
3 a letter or printed statement that a group or organization produces to tell people its news

/ˈsteɪtəs $ ˈsteɪtəs, ˈstæ-/
prospects[plural] chances of future success
I had no job, no education, and no prospects.
job/career prospects
Job prospects for graduates don’t look good.

weld‧er /ˈweldə $ -ər/ noun [countable]  someone whose job is to weld metal in a factory

pro‧vid‧ed /prəˈvaɪdɪd/ ●●○ S3 W2 (also provided that) conjunction 
used to say that something will only be possible if something else happens or is done SYN  providing
 He can come with us, provided he pays for his own meals.
There's no annual fee provided that you use the credit card at least six times a year.

play, do, lend, take, show, have.

Do your bit informal
to do a fair share of the work, effort etc that is needed to achieve something good or important
Everyone should do their bit for the environment. → bit
• I hope that you can all do your bit.
• Let Africanized bees do their bit to breed better beekeepers in this country, in other words.
• Help is desperately needed - and rugby friends can do their bit.
• Nature did its bit as well.

Responsibility for
No one wants to take responsibility for the problem. The surgeon accepted full responsibility for the error that led to her death.
So far no one has claimed responsibility (=said that they are responsible) for the bombings.

Have your say
to have the opportunity to give your opinion about something
You’ll get a chance to have your say.
have your say in/on
Parents can have their say in the decision-making process.

Concern /kənˈsɜːn $ -ɜːrn/ ●●● S3 W1 noun  1 worry
a) [uncountable] a feeling of worry about something important
The recent rise in crime is a matter of considerable public concern.
concern for
our concern for human rights
concern about/over/with
the rise of concern about the environment
the growing concern over inflation
concern with worsening law and order

Give/lend/offer etc somebody a helping hand
She’s been giving me a helping hand with the children.

Play a part
If something or someone plays a part in something else, they are involved in it
Play a part in
Health education will play a part in preparing us for old age.
Britain should play its full part in the negotiations.
play a big/important part in something
Pictures play an important part in publishing.

Citizenship education
Approach of teaching children about
Missing the point
Duties and responsibilities to society
Clear cut answers
On a more human
People worse off->
ˌworse ˈoff adjective [not before noun] 
1 if you are worse off, you have less money
Opp-> better off
The rent increases will leave us worse off.
worse off than
I don’t think we’re any worse off than a lot of other people.
2 in a worse situation
Opp-> better off
People in rural areas are even worse off, as they have no regular bus service.
worse off than
Other sports are much worse off than athletics.
Understand the reasoning of people with other opinions
When it came to
Tolerant to differences

Tuesday, April 25, 2017

C1 24-25/4/17


Check the paper on the Moodle platform about parallel structures

dim /dɪm/ ●○○ adjective (comparative dimmer, superlative dimmest) 
1 DARK fairly dark or not giving much light, so that you cannot see well OPP  bright
 in the dim light of the early dawn
 a dim glow
—dimly adverb
 a dimly lit room
 She was only dimly aware of the risk.

sul‧try /ˈsʌltri/ adjective 
1 weather that is sultry is hot with air that feels wet SYN humid
 a hot and sultry day
 Since the rain, the air had become heavy and still and sultry.

voy‧ag‧er /ˈvɔɪ-ɪdʒə $ -ər/ noun [countable] literary  someone who makes long and often dangerous journeys, especially on the sea


from rags to riches
becoming very rich after starting your life very poor
 He likes to tell people of his rise from rags to riches.
→ rags-to-riches

bi‧o‧pic /ˈbaɪəʊˌpɪk $ ˈbaɪoʊ-/ noun [countable]  informal a film that tells the story of someone’s life

schiz‧o‧phre‧ni‧a /ˌskɪtsəʊˈfriːniə, -sə- $ -soʊ-, -sə-/ noun [uncountable]  a serious mental illness in which someone’s thoughts and feelings are not based on what is really happening around them.

Ras‧ta‧fa‧ri‧an /ˌræstəˈfeəriən $ -ˈfer-/ noun [countable] 
someone who believes in a religion that is popular in Jamaica, which has Haile Selassie as its religious leader, and has the belief that one day black people will return to Africa
—Rastafarian adjective
—Rastafarianism noun [uncountable]

reg‧gae /ˈreɡeɪ/ noun [uncountable] 
a kind of popular music originally from Jamaica, with a strong regular beat

Thought provoking
ˌpublic-ˈspirited adjective  willing to do things that are helpful for everyone in society Any public-spirited citizen would have done the same.
Open minded

How important is music in your life?
Select a song you like, play it and explain why you like it and what’s it about?
Have you got songs you like listening to when you are in a particular mood? Which ones?

Arcs and trauma


gor‧geous /ˈɡɔːdʒəs $ ˈɡɔːr-/
/sɪnˈsɪə $ -ˈsɪr/
sol‧ace /ˈsɒlɪs $ ˈsɑː-/
re‧late /rɪˈleɪt/ ●●● S2 W1 verb  1 [intransitive] if two things relate, they are connected in some way syn connect I don’t understand how the two ideas relate.relate to The charges of fraud relate to events that took place over ten years ago.

in a row-> happening a number of times, one after the other syn consecutively4 nights/3 weeks etc in a row
She’s been out four nights in a row.

I’ve beaten her three times in a row.

Thursday, April 20, 2017

C1 19-20/4/17

p. 108

Be music to your ears
if someone’s words are music to your ears, they make you very happy or pleased

A musical score
MUSIC a written or printed copy of a piece of music, especially for a large group of performers, or the music itself
Who wrote the score for the movie?

change your tune
informal to start expressing a different attitude and reacting in a different way, after something has happened
The question is, will the president change his tune on taxes?

strike a chord
to say or do something that other people agree with or have sympathy with
strike a chord with
Their story is bound to strike a chord with all parents.

play something by ear
a) to decide what to do according to the way a situation develops, without making plans before that time
We’ll see what the weather’s like and play it by ear.
b) if someone can play a musical instrument by ear, they can play a tune without looking at written music

know the score
to understand a situation and all the good and bad features about it
I knew the score before I started the job.

blow your own trumpet
especially British English, blow your own horn American English informal to talk a lot about your own achievements – used to show disapproval
Dave spent the whole evening blowing his own trumpet.

face the music
informal to accept criticism or punishment for something you have done

re‧lax /rɪˈlæks/ ●●● S3 W3 AWL verb 
1 REST [intransitive, transitive] to rest or do something that is enjoyable, especially after you have been working
 I just want to sit down and relax.
 What Robyn needed was a drink to relax her.
 A hot bath should help to relax you.

tan‧trum /ˈtæntrəm/ noun [countable]  a sudden short period when someone, especially a child, behaves very angrily and unreasonablyhave/throw a tantrum
She throws a tantrum when she can’t have the toy she wants.
children’s temper tantrums

be spoilt/spoiled for choiceBritish English to have so many good things to choose from that you cannot decide which one to choose


so as to do something
in order to do something
I drove at a steady 50 mph so as to save fuel.
We went along silently on tiptoe so as not to disturb anyone.



cast‧a‧way /ˈkɑːstəweɪ $ ˈkæst-/ noun [countable]  someone who is left alone on an island after their ship has sunk

host a radioshow
a loyal following of listeners
the secret of your continuing success
make a particular song move you
not supposed to stay trendy after your 30
lazying around in the park
your taste in music is verywide, eclectic.
How did that come about?
I don’t confine myself to any particular source.

come about phrasal verb
1 to happen, especially in a way that is not planned The opportunity to get into computing came about quite by accident.
How did this situation come about?
2 if a ship comes about, it changes direction

A & E /ˌeɪ ənd ˈiː/ noun [uncountable] British English  (accident and emergency) the room or department in a hospital where people go if they are injured or suddenly become ill

Tuesday, April 18, 2017

C1 18/4/17

the demonym/gentilic of Liverpool is Liverpudlian.

Scouse /skaʊs/ noun [uncountable] British English 
the way of speaking that is typical of people from Liverpool
—Scouse adjective
Examples from the Corpus
• We have actually been spending net amounts similar to Scum, Scouse and Blackburn over this period.
• Now the people of Merseyside can choose their top Scouse personalities in seven different categories.
• The combination of Scotch, cigarettes and Liverpool have produced a unique Scouse growl.

a frame on wheels that a baby can sit in and move around using its legs, before it can walk SYN  baby walker British English.

Check the activities the large hadron collider and guardian angel on Moodle.

ˈday care, daycare /ˈdeɪkeə $ -ker/ noun [uncountable] 
when babies or young children, or sick or old people are looked after during the day, especially while their family members are at work
day care centre/services/facilities
 subsidized day care facilities
day care for
 Local authorities may provide day care for under fives.
 a day care centre for the elderly

ˌlife exˈpectancy noun [countable] 
1 the length of time that a person or animal is expected to live
2 the length of time that something is expected to continue to work, be useful etc.

post‧ie /ˈpəʊsti $ ˈpoʊ-/ noun [countable] 
British English informal a postman

"letter carrier" is often used for mailman/woman to make it gender neutral.
"Postal worker"

bur‧den /ˈbɜːdn $ ˈbɜːrdn/ ●○○ noun 
1 [countable] something difficult or worrying that you are responsible for
 His family responsibilities had started to become a burden.
burden of
The burden of taxation has risen considerably.
burden on
I don’t like being a burden on other people.

Caregiver stress (Use of English copy)

The truth about love->
Incurable romantics
Pass on
Nature of love
A case in point
Heart of gold
A load of
no exception
a difference of opinion
any apparent fear
setting out her rules
brought over by a momentary lapse of concentration
calm down
a matter of time
vehemently denying

Thursday, April 06, 2017

C1 5-6/4/17

waltz /wɔːls $ wɒːlts/ noun [countable] 
1 a fairly slow dance with a regular pattern of three beats
2 a piece of music intended for this type of dance a Strauss waltz

brows‧er /ˈbraʊzə $ -ər/ ●●○ noun [countable]  a computer program that finds information on the Internet and shows it on your computer screen
a Web browser


rep‧er‧toire /ˈrepətwɑː $ -pərtwɑːr/ ●○○ noun [countable usually singular] 
1 all the plays, pieces of music etc that a performer or group knows and can perform
in somebody’s repertoire
The group include some techno in their repertoire.

ac‧cor‧di‧on /əˈkɔːdiən $ əˈkɔːr-/ (also piano accordion British English) noun [countable] 
musical instrument like a large box that you hold in both hands. You play it by pressing the sides together and pulling them out again, while you push buttons and keys.

chees‧y /ˈtʃizi/ adjective 
informal cheap and not of good quality
a cheesy soap opera

kneel /niːl/ ●●○ (also kneel down) verb (past tense and past participle knelt /nelt/ or kneeled American English) [intransitive] 
to be in or move into a position where your body is resting on your knees
om knelt down and patted the dog.
kneel on
 She knelt on the floor and put more wood on the fire.

har‧mon‧i‧ca /hɑːˈmɒnɪkə $ hɑːrˈmɑː-/ noun [countable] 
small musical instrument that you play by blowing or sucking and moving it from side to side near your mouth SYN mouth organ

per‧cus‧sion /pəˈkʌʃən $ pər-/ noun [uncountable] 
1 musical instruments such as drums, bells etc which you play by hitting them
 Tonight we have Paul Duke on percussion (=playing a percussion instrument).

Wood block

busk /bʌsk/ verb [intransitive]  British English to play music in a public place in order to earn money

ar‧ti‧san /ˌɑːtɪˈzæn $ ˈɑːrtɪzən/ noun [countable]  someone who does skilled work, making things with their hands syn craftsman

solo artist / soloist
come across a life performance
ˈnerve-ˌracking, nerve-wracking adjective 
a nerve-racking situation makes you feel very nervous or worried
Speaking in public can be a nerve-wracking experience.
Fran faced a nerve-racking wait for her test results.

Came accros (could be perceived) in my performance
Worked on and off a professional saxofonist
Team up
Soulful ballads
draw somebody to something to attract someone or make them want to do something
 What first drew you to teaching?
 Beth felt strangely drawn to this gentle stranger.
 The festival is likely to draw huge crowds.

e‧clec‧tic /ɪˈklektɪk/
folk /fəʊk $ foʊk/
me‧lod‧ic /məˈlɒdɪk $ -ˈlɑː-/
soothe /suːð/ ●○○ verb [transitive] 
1 to make someone feel calmer and less anxious, upset, or angry
Lucy soothed the baby by rocking it in her arms.
She made a cup of tea to soothe her nerves.


out of tune->playing or singing higher or lower than the correct musical note
Greg’s bass guitar was out of tune.

off-ˈkey adjective 
1 music that is off-key sounds unpleasant because it is played slightly above or below the correct pitch
→ in tune
The band sounded slightly off-key.

gen‧re /ˈʒɒnrə $ ˈʒɑːnrə/ ●○○ noun [countable]  formal a particular type of art, writing, music etc, which has certain features that all examples of this type share
genre of
a new genre of film-making a literary genre

gig /ɡɪɡ/ noun [countable] 
1 a performance by a musician or a group of musicians playing modern popular music or jazz, or a performance by a comedian
do/play/have a gig
The band are doing a gig in Sheffield on Nov 12.


What is Music Therapy?
Music Therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic /ˌθerəˈpjuːtɪk◂/ relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program.

bag‧pipes /ˈbæɡpaɪps/ noun [plural]  a musical instrument played especially in Scotland, in which air blown into a bag is forced out through pipes to produce a sound.

tight-fist‧ed /ˌtaɪt ˈfɪstɪd◂/ adjective informal  not generous with money syn stingy —tight-fistedness noun [uncountable]

dif‧fi‧cul‧ty /ˈdɪfɪkəlti/

an‧aes‧thet‧ic /ˌænəsˈθetɪk◂/

tablas de multiplicar-> times tables

e‧la‧tion /ɪˈleɪʃən/ noun [uncountable]  a feeling of great happiness and excitement

Rewarded with boost of feel good chemicals

de‧men‧tia /dɪˈmenʃə, -ʃiə $ -tʃə/

dys‧lex‧i‧a /dɪsˈleksiə/

stut‧ter1 /ˈstʌtə $ -ər/ verb 
1 [intransitive, transitive] to speak with difficulty because you cannot stop yourself from repeating the first consonant of some words → stammer ‘I’m D-d-david, ’ he stuttered.► see thesaurus at say
2 [intransitive] if a machine stutters, it keeps making little noises and does not work smoothly a refrigerator which stuttered and hummed

This should sound like music to our ears if you forgive the pun

Music hold the key to...

Tuesday, April 04, 2017

C1 3-4/4/17

Homework: writing activity p. 101. Write a report (150 words app.) about a piece of news that’s getting your attention in your hometown.


Caló (Gipsy language)

present/pose a threat (to somebody/something)
 Pollution poses a threat to fish.

dub1 /dʌb/ verb (dubbed, dubbing) [transitive] 
to change the original spoken language of a film or television programme into another language
be dubbed into something
 a British film dubbed into French

sav‧vy /ˈsævi/ noun [uncountable] informal  practical knowledge and ability syn know-how
He’s obviously got a lot of political savvy.

revitalize (also revitalise British English) /riːˈvaɪtəlaɪz/

prac‧tice /ˈpræktɪs/ (N) practise (V)
In American English, both noun and verb are spelled practice.

earbud /ˈɪəbʌd $ ˈɪr-/ noun [countable usually plural]  a small earphone

ˈguinea pig noun [countable] 
1 a small furry animal with short ears and no tail, which is often kept as a pet
2 someone who is used in a scientific test to see how successful or safe a new product, system etc is

Indigenous communities


strike a chord
to say or do something that other people agree with or have sympathy with
strike a chord with
Their story is bound to strike a chord with all parents.

It was generally a positive conversation.
 Generally, part-timers work in low-status, low-wage occupations.

It's going to be hot this weekend, apparently.
Nelson apparently committed suicide.
The apparently coordinated attacks overloaded the sites with a barrage of messages generated by hackers.
But what about patients who are apparently fit and healthy until they suffer a massive exposure to toxic man-made chemicals?

Apparently, it was a really good party.

Resultado de imagen de adverbs of frequency

Resultado de imagen de adverbs of degree

Resultado de imagen de adverbs to speculate