Monday, October 16, 2017

NB2 16/10/17

How are you? I’m fine, ok, so-so, very well.

ˈso-so UK  US  adverbio
 (informal) regular, más o menos
"How are you feeling?" "So-so."
–¿Cómo te sientes? –Regular.

surname /ˈsɜːneɪm/ UK  US  sustantivo

How do you spell that?
What do you do? = What’s your job?
What are you doing?
What time is it?

p. 10

A(N) office worker/ receptionist/ nursing assistant/ unemployed/ lawyer/ nurse / student/ journalist/ teacher/


A university /ˌjuːnəˈvɜːsəti◂ $ -ɜːr-/ 

clothes /kləʊðz/ UK  US  sustantivo plural
1 ropa

I need some new clothes.
Necesito ropa nueva.

His clothes were dirty.
Tenía la ropa sucia.

Designer clothes

government /ˈgʌvəmənt/ UK  US  sustantivo

council /ˈkaʊnsəl/ UK  US  sustantivo
city/town council  /ˈkaʊnsəl/ ayuntamiento, alcaldía

mayor /meə/ UK  US  sustantivo

War‧saw /ˈwɔːsɔː $ ˈwɔːr-/
Bris‧tol /ˈbrɪstl/

great /ɡreɪt/ 
interesting /ˈɪntrəstɪŋ/
work long hours- work for a lot of hours

these /ðiːz/
sure /ʃɔː $ ʃʊr/

Why don’t we go out on a date?

NA2 16/10/17

Homework: read the text on page 12

educated guess
a guess that is likely to be correct because it is based on some knowledge.
Investors must make an educated guess as to the company’s potential.

pat /pæt/ ●●○ verb (patted, patting) [transitive] 
1 to lightly touch someone or something several times with your hand flat, especially to give comfort → stroke
 He patted the dog affectionately.

tame /teɪm/ adjective 
1 a tame animal or bird is not wild any longer, because it has been trained to live with people
OPP wild
 tame elephants

orangutang /ɔːˌræŋuːˈtæŋ $ əˈræŋətæŋ/ (also orang-utan /-tæn/) noun [countable] 
a large ape with long arms and long orange-brown hair

strond bond
having the time of their life
hand 1 piece back to you
fulfilling a basic social need

interest /ˈɪntrɪst/ 

crea‧ture /ˈkriːtʃə $ -ər/

NB1 16/10/17

What’s your surname?
It’s …
Can you spell it?
Yes, it is ...

Shall I spell it?

shall /ʆəl,,  acentuado ʆæl/ UK  US  verbo [modal] (contracción 'll, negativo shan't, o, más formal, shall not)
1 sugerencias y preguntas
Este uso solo es posible con  I  y  we.
 Shall I open the window?
 ¿Abro la ventana?
 Shall we ask her?
 ¿Se lo preguntamos?

Where is the stress?

stress /stres/ UK  US  sustantivo &
(en la pronunciación) acento

What’s your phone number?
It’s …

O, zero, one, two, three (double e), four, five, six, seven, eight, nine.

What page is it?
Open your book on page 5
Exercise 2

sentence /ˈsentəns/ UK  US  sustantivo & verbo
1 oración [en gramática]

with /wɪð, wɪθ/

I am, My name is, you are, it is

I'm /aɪm/ UK  US   contracción de I am
you're /jɔː/ UK  US   contracción de you are
he’s /iz, hizstrong hiːz/
she's /ʆiːz/ UK  US
 •   contracción de she is
 •   contracción de she has
we’re /wɪə $ wɪr/
they’re /ðə; strong ðeə, ðeɪə $ ðər strong ðer, ðeɪər/

Homework: grammar bank p. 125, exercise 1A (a, b and c)

eg, también e.g. /iː ˈdʒiː/ UK  US  (= for example)
p. ej.

Subject pronoun = pronombre personal

(Yo) Como siempre en un restaurante
I always eat in a restaurant

(Pedro) siempre come en casa
Peter / He always eats at home

Peter and I are good friends. (siempre mayúscula)

You (tú/vosotros/usted/ustedes).

You are(V) tall.
Your car(N) is expensive.

He (+)
She (-)
It (objetos)
They (personas y objetos)

This is my class
These are my friends

write /raɪt/ UK  US  verbo (pasado wrote, participio written)
1  [transitivo/intransitivo] escribir

Peter is tall-> he’s tall

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

NB2 11/10/17

p. 6/7

airport /ˈeəpɔːt/ UK  US  sustantivo

businesswoman /ˈbɪznɪswʊmən/ UK  US  sustantivo (plural -women)
mujer de negocios, ejecutiva

church /tʆɜːtʆ/ UK  US  sustantivo
1 (plural -ches) iglesia

government /ˈgʌvəmənt/ UK  US  sustantivo

mosque /mɒsk/ UK  US  sustantivo

museum /mjuːˈziːəm/ UK  US  sustantivo

nurse /nɜːs/ UK  US  sustantivo & verbo
 •  sustantivo
enfermero -a

waitress /ˈweɪtrəs/ UK  US  sustantivo (plural -sses)

beach.- sea, water, sand, waves, grass, sky...
factory.- smoke, trees, house...
river.- fields, forest...
nurse.- uniform, work, machine, identity card, bed, pillow, hospital...
businesswoman.- file, chair, smile, necklace...
Church.- windows, doors, clock, bell...
Country.- houses, tractor, lorry/truck...
Waiter.- tomato salad, dish, bow tie...
Mosque.- cloud, rock, monument, tower, building...
minaret /ˌmɪnəˈret, ˈmɪnəret/ noun [countable] 
a tall thin tower on a mosque, from which Muslims are called to prayer


vase /vɑːz,, AmE veɪs, veɪz/ UK  US  sustantivo

vitrina sustantivo
1 (en casa) glass cabinet
2 (en tienda) display case

Office.- tables, people, computers, sofa, armchair,
stationery /ˈsteɪʆənəri/ UK  US  sustantivo
1 artículos de papelería
2 papel de carta

keyboard /ˈkiːbɔːd $ -bɔːrd/

scissors /ˈsɪzəz/ UK  US  sustantivo plural
a pair of scissors
unas tijeras

goverment.- the White-House, fountain

fountain /ˈfaʊntən/ UK  US  sustantivo
fuente [de una plaza, etc.]

Landing track

University.- students, paper bin, backpack,

Police officer.- guns, helmet,

walkie-talkie /ˌwɔːki ˈtɔːki $ ˌwɒːki ˈtɒːki/ noun [countable] 
one of a pair of radios that you can carry with you, and use to speak to the person who has the other radio

bobby /ˈbɒbi/ UK  US  sustantivo (plural -bbies) BrE
(anticuado) policía

Traffic.- cars, lights, traffic sign, smog (smoke+fog), van,

ˈlamp-post UK  US  sustantivo

asphalt /ˈæsfælt/ UK  US  sustantivo
crash barrier

side walk

grocer /ˈgrəʊsə/ UK  US  sustantivo
1 tendero -a [dueño de una tienda de comestibles]
2 grocer's BrEtienda de comestibles

greengrocer /ˈgriːngrəʊsə/ UK  US  sustantivo
1 verdulero -a
2 greengrocer's BrE verdulería

p. 8

I’m A/AN teacher, greengrocer, shop assistant, office worker...

honeymoon /ˈhʌnimun/ UK  US  sustantivo
luna de miel, viaje de novios

northeast /nɔːθˈiːst/ UK  US  sustantivo, adjetivo &  adverbio
 •  sustantivo
(el) noreste

southwest /saʊθˈwest/ UK  US  sustantivo, adjetivo &  adverbio
 •  sustantivo
(el) sudoeste
the southwest of Wales
el sudoeste de Gales

IN the north/south...

NA2 11/10/17

Publishing house
It shouldn’t come as a surprise

come as a surprise/relief/blow etc (to somebody)
to make someone feel surprised, relieved, disappointed, etc. 
The decision came as a great relief to us all. The news will come as no surprise to his colleagues.

Bedouin /ˈbeduɪn/ (also Bedu) noun (plural Bedouin or Bedouins) [countable] 
1 someone who belongs to an Arab tribe that traditionally lives in tents in the desert
2 → the Bedouin

scorching /ˈskɔːtʃɪŋ $ ˈskɔːr-/ (also scorching hot) adjective 
extremely hot
 the scorching desert heat
 a scorching hot day

kindred /ˈkɪndrɪd/ noun [uncountable] old use 
your whole family → kin

have a passing/nodding acquaintance with something (=have only slight knowledge or experience of something) He has a passing acquaintance with a lot of different subjects.

like father like son
used to say that a boy behaves like his father, especially when this behaviour is bad

take after somebody phrasal verb
to look or behave like an older relative
 Jenni really takes after her mother.

fiancée /fiˈɒnseɪ $ ˌfiːɑːnˈseɪ/ ●●○ noun [countable] 
the woman who a man is going to marry

rely on something/somebody
to depend on something or someone
to do or provide what you need, especially because you have no choice.
In rural areas, many people rely on public transport.

She’d never wanted to rely on a man for money.

NB1 11/10/17

- What’s your surname?
+ My surname’s / is ...
It is…
- Can you spell it (your surname)?
+ Yes, it’s / is...



your /jə, acentuado jɔː/

Open your books on page 4

Reading (Use of English)

picture /ˈpɪktʆə/ UK  US  sustantivo & verbo
 •  sustantivo
1 cuadro
2 dibujo
to draw a picture hacer un dibujo
3 foto
to take a picture (of sth/sb) sacar(le) una foto (a algo/alguien)

sorry /ˈsɒri/ UK  US  adjetivo (-rrier, -rriest)
1 sorry/I'm sorry
 (a)  (para pedir perdón) perdón/perdóname/perdóneme etc
I'm terribly sorry.
Lo siento mucho.

2 to say sorry pedir perdón

4 to be sorry lamentar
I'm sorry I'm late.
Perdona el retraso.

5 sorry? ¿cómo?, ¿perdón?

sir /sə, acentuado sɜː/ UK  US  sustantivo
1 caballero, señor
Can I help you, sir?
¿En qué puedo ayudarle, caballero?

2  BrE  palabra usada por los niños de las escuelas británicas para hablar de y dirigirse a un maestro o profesor

madam /ˈmædəm/ UK  US  sustantivo
1 (al dirigirse a una mujer) señora

2 (en una carta) señora
Dear Madam
Estimada señora

Mr. García
Mrs. García

Ms /mɪz, məz/ UK  US  sustantivo
sra., señora

¿Ms, Mrs o Miss?
Se usa  Ms cuando no se quiere hacer distinción en cuanto al estado civil. Un número cada vez mayor de mujeres prefiere este tratamiento al uso de Mrs o Miss.

Name-sorry-number-OK (okay) (0 killed)-hi-hello-meet-my-Mum (mother/dad-father)-you-thank (thank you-thanks)-fine.

complete /kəmˈpliːt/

gap /gæp/ UK  US  sustantivo
1 (entre objetos) hueco, separación
2 (en un texto) espacio en blanco

word /wɜːd/ UK  US  sustantivo & verbo
 •  sustantivo
1 palabra

Hi-I’m ( I am) (I siempre en mayúscula)-fine-thanks-bye

And you?

Monday, October 09, 2017

NB2 9/10/17


NA2 9/10/17

Initial evaluation test: CE + CO

NB1 9/10/17

My name’s = my name is
My name’s is
What’s (What is) your name?
What’s is

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 ,19, 20
30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100
21, 31, 41, 52, 42, 32, 33, 64, 74, ...

How are you? Fine, so so, very well
I’m fine, thank you.
How old are you?

What’s your /jɔː(r)/
 telephone number?

It’s 633448 009

It is (it’s) ... / My telephone/ˈteləfəʊn/
(phone) number is

number /ˈnʌmbə/

zero /ˈzɪərəʊ/ UK  US  número (plural -os o -oes) cero

O, o /əʊ/ UK  US  sustantivo
 (al leer un número) cero

double /ˈdʌbəl/ UK  US  
My number is two nine double five.
Mi número es el dos, nueve, cinco, cinco.

triple /ˈtrɪpəl/ UK  US  adjetivo, sustantivo & verbo
 •  adjetivo

What’s your name/surname/full name?

surname /ˈsɜːneɪm/ UK  US  sustantivo

What’s your e-mail address?

@ at
. dot (.es/ ...)
_ underscore

photographfəʊtəgrɑːf/ UK  US  sustantivo & verbo
to take a photograph sacar una fotografía

Contracción del verbo to be en inglés


the sign (') that is used to show that one or more letters or numbers have been left out, as in dont, or used before ‘s’ to show that something belongs to someone or something, as in Mark’s dog

brackets British English, parentheses American English and British English formal
a pair of signs ( ) used for enclosing information that interrupts a sentence

colon the sign :
that is used to introduce an explanation, example, quotation etc

semicolon the sign ;
that is used to separate words in a list, or different parts of a sentence that can be understood separately

the sign , that is used to separate things in a list, or between two clauses in a sentence

the sign that is used to join words or syllables

dash the sign that is used to separate two closely related parts of a sentence, especially in more informal English

full stop British English, period American English
the sign . that is used to mark the end of a sentence or the short form of a word

exclamation mark British English, exclamation point American English
the sign ! that is used after a sentence or word that expresses surprise, anger, or excitement

question mark
the sign ? that is used at the end of a question

quotation marks (also inverted commas British English) a pair of signs and that are put around words, especially to show that you are quoting what someone has said

angle brackets British English a pair of signs <> used for enclosing information

slash a line / that is used to separate words, numbers, or letters

backslash a line \ that is used to separate words, numbers, or letters

asterisk the sign * that is used especially to mark something interesting or important

at sign the sign @ that is used especially in email addresses

ampersand the sign & that means ‘and’