Thursday, April 19, 2018

NI2 19/4/18

Homework: reading activity p. 72

We tend to speak very loud in Spain.
We tend NOT to speak very loud in Spain.
We  don’t tend to speak very loud in Spain.

Ex. 7
with your mouth full (=with food in your mouth)
Don’t talk with your mouth full.

somebody can’t/couldn’t be bothered (to do something)
especially British English used to say that you do not want to make the effort to do something, or that you are not interested in doing something
- It was so hot I couldn’t be bothered to cook.
- I should be revising, but I just can’t be bothered.

entrepreneurɒntrəprəˈnɜː $ ˌɑːntrəprəˈnɜːr/ ●○○ noun [countable] 
someone who starts a new business or arranges business deals in order to make money, often in a way that involves financial risks

a rich smell or flavour is strong and pleasant
- the rich scent of the pine trees
- meat with a wonderfully rich flavour
- a rich, fruity wine

Front-> ILLEGAL ACTIVITIES [countable] a legal business that someone operates in order to hide the illegal activities that they are involved in
front for
 The casino was used as a front for cross-border smuggling operations.

overpower /ˌəʊvəˈpaʊə $ ˌoʊvərˈpaʊr/ verb [transitive] 
1 to take control of someone physically because you are stronger
 The security guards soon overpowered the man.
2 if a smell, taste, or emotion overpowers you, it affects you very strongly
 Her scent overpowered his senses.

 She was overpowered by grief.

NA2 19/4/18

chore /tʃɔː $ tʃɔːr/ ●○○ noun [countable] 
1 a small job that you have to do regularly, especially work that you do to keep a house clean
- everyday chores like shopping and housework
- We share the domestic chores.
2 something you have to do that is very boring and unpleasant
 I find driving a real chore.
a household chore (=a chore in the home)
household chores such as washing and ironing clothes
p. 123
read the text out of curiosity
cu‧ri‧os‧i‧ty /ˌkjʊəriˈɒsəti $ ˌkjʊriˈɑːs-/ ●●○ noun(plural curiosities)  
1 [singular, uncountable] the desire to know about something 
I opened the packet just to satisfy my curiosity
The news aroused a lot of curiosity among local people. 
She decided to follow him out of curiosity
Margaret looked at him with curiosity.

NI1 19/4/18

p. 66
ex. 5b
Yes, unsure about the marks
Tomorrow by post
She has no plans / doesn’t have plans until she gets the results
Cambridge university
Do another year at school and take the exams again
Yes, quite optimistic
2 weeks time by post
Go out for dinner with his girlfriend
An air traffic controller
Carry on studying and take the exam again

unsure /ʌnˈʆʊə/ UK  US  adjetivo
1  inseguro -a, indeciso -a
We were unsure which road to take
No estábamos seguros de qué camino tomar.
to be unsure about/of sth no estar seguro -a de algo

ex. 5c
they won’t give me the place unless I get at least 3 As
When the post comes I’ll take the letter...
Until I get the results.
, my parents will kill me.
As soon as I can.

Ex. 5d
A chemistry and biology
B Physics
C maths
Not really good enough, try another university / retake the exams.
7. really pleased
Booked in their favourite restaurant. He is looking forward to it.

I’ll go to the meeting if I don’t have to see a client.
I’ll go to the meeting unless I have to see a client.
If I don’t have to see a client, I’ll go to the meeting

Homework: grammar bank, p. 144 /A a and b + p. 66 /67 reading activity, ex 6

Wednesday, April 18, 2018

NB2 18/4/18

p. 108
ex. 3
upset, angry, happy, tired, stressed, annoyed, relaxed, excited.

Ex. 6
Happy, upset, stressed, happy, positive, bored, annoyed, excited, tired

asleep /əˈsliːp/ UK  US  adjetivo
to be asleep estar dormido -a, estar durmiendo
fast/sound asleep profundamente dormido -a
to fall asleep dormirse, quedarse dormido -a
half asleep medio dormido -a, adormilado -a

linking words


extra -ed pronunciation activity:

ex. 9
after, because, so, because, after

above all
ante todo
por lo tanto
de nuevo
as if
como si
as soon as
tan pronto como
at the same time
A la vez
compared with
comparado con
even though
first of all
En primer lugar
for example; for instance
por ejemplo
furthemore; besides
Aun así
in addition
in comparison to
en comparación con
in the first place
en primer lugar
in the same manner
de la misma manera
in the second place
en segundo  lugar         
instead of
en lugar de
sin embargo
próximo; siguiente
on the contrary
al contrario
on the other hand
Por otro lado
una vez
por otro lado
so that
para que; entonces
pronto; luego
to begin with 
para empezar
todavía; aun

Common linking words
Here is an overview of common linking words in English.
To give examples
To give examples we can use the following linking expressions: for instance, for example, in particular
People often behave stupidly when they are frightened. Take Alice, for instance, …
We are not at all happy with the way you handled the situation. In particular, we ….
To show contrast
To show contrast you can use the following conjunctions and conjunctive adverbs: but, however, otherwise, in contrast, on the other hand.
Their front door was open but nobody was inside.
Their front door was open; however, nobody was inside.
The technology sector is performing badly. The banking stocks, in / by contrast, are doing well again.
Sam was quite rude. His brother, on the other hand, behaved very politely.
To show concession
The following conjunctions and conjunctive adverbs can be used to show concession:however, yet, nevertheless, although, despite, even though, despite the fact that etc.
The car broke down on the way. Nevertheless / however, I managed to get to the meeting in time.
Even though he has a master’s degree in English, he still can’t write a good letter.
To show similarity
To show similarity, you can use the following conjunctive adverbs: likewise, similarly, in the same way
My mother did everything she could to educate us. In the same way, we put a high value on our children’s education.
To show result
Use the following expressions to show result:therefore, as a result, thus, consequently, so, as a consequence
They have recruited more people and consequently the service is better.
The new laptops are thin and light and therefore you can carry them around more comfortably.
To indicate time or sequence
A large number of expressions are used to indicate sequence. Examples are: first, firstly, second, secondly, finally, lastly, immediately, formerly, thereafter, soon, next etc.

Have breakfast / lunch / dinner.
I think, therefore I exist.

cocoa /ˈkəʊkəʊ/ UK  US  sustantivo
1 cacao
2 chocolate [bebida]

trial /ˈtraɪəl/ UK  US  sustantivo
1 juicio
to be on trial (for sth) estar siendo procesado -a (por algo)

Homework: p. 110, ex. 2 and 3

NA2 18/4/18

Present (repeated actions or habits)
I use to read before I go to bed   
I usually read before I go to bed
Past (repeated actions or permanent situations)
I used to read a little every night when I was younger. (repeated action in the past)
I read a little every night when I was younger
I would read a little every night when I was younger
Would->PAST HABITS used to say that something happened often or regularly in the past.
- When we worked in the same office, we would often have coffee together.
- On summer evenings they would sit out in the garden.

I used to live in that house. (permanent situation)
I lived in that house
I would live in that house

Common error: I didn’t used / use to have breakfast at university
You didn’t use to eat chips when you were younger.

USAGE: Used to do sth, be used to something
•Don't confuse I used to do something and I am used to (doing) something.
• You say -I used to live in Paris- when you lived in Paris in the past, but you do not live there now. In this meaning, used to is followed by the base form of the verb (=the infinitive without 'to').
• You say -I'm used to living in Paris- when you are accustomed to living in Paris because you have lived there for some time.
Be used to is followed by an -ing form, not the infinitive. Don't say: I'm used to live in Paris.

The same for get used to
I got used to working under pressure.

p. 121
ex. 6
do not usually finish, get used to, usually eat, usually assumes, used to, usually eat, used to sit down, usually eat, get used to dining, used to be, weren’t used to eating
ex. 7
used to, I’m used to, used to, get used to, was used to.

NB1 18/4/18

p. 46
Ex. 1c + d

I like / love / enjoy / hate football

I like / love / enjoy / hate playing football

Do you like / love / enjoy / hate playing football?

I don’t like / love / enjoy / hate playing football

Ex. 3

7 in the evening-> get back home from work / relax
Breakfast time->big breakfast / read the newspaper / listen to the radio
Friday-> the weekend is near
May-> the weather is warm / evenings are longer.
Spring-> winter is over / cycling
New Year’s Eve-> no meals, no presents

Be in a good mood

Homework: p. 47 ex. 5d + p. 135, Grammar Bank 6B a and b                              
My favourite time of day is 10 in the evening because I get home and I like having dinner with my wife. We like watching TV before we go to bed.

p. 135
I can’t find it
She speaks to him in German
He meets them after work
Can you help us?
Ivan is in love with her
My son doesn’t like them
She likes it...We often visit her...- She invites us ...
They often help me with... – They often take them ...
... she doesn’t love him. He calls her ... but she doesn’t want to speak to him ...
He takes them ... – I don’t like them because they bark at me
He never reads themhe watches TV ... and (he) never turns it off

Online extra activities:

p. 47
ex. 5
-Do you like watching TV? Yes, I like it
What TV progammes do you watch?
Recipes - cook
- play videogames
Videogames – play
- listen to music
Music – listen to
-go for a walk
Where do you go for a walk?
- go to the cinema
films – like (What films do you like?)
-do housework
Housework – do
- dance
Where go dancing
- run
Where go running
- do exercise
Where do exercise
- go shopping
Where go shopping
What like buying?
-What time do you like going to bed/getting up?
I like going to bed at...

May the force be with you
May the fourth

Tuesday, April 17, 2018

NI2 17/4/18

at what level you are
what level you are at

p. 70

ˈdeep fry verb [transitive] 
to cook food under the surface of hot fat or oil

mash /mæʃ/ (also mash up) verb [transitive] 
to crush something, especially a food that has been cooked, until it is soft and smooth
- Mash the bananas.

Mashed potato

grill /grɪl/ UK  US  verbo & sustantivo
 •  verbo
1  [transitivo] hacer a la parrilla/a la brasa

2  [transitivo] (informal) acribillar a preguntas

 •  sustantivo
1  BrE grill, gratinador [en una cocina]
2 parrilla [utensilio]

marinade /ˌmærəˈneɪd/ noun [countable, uncountable] 
a mixture of oil and spices in which meat or fish is put for a time before being cooked

ˈstir-fry verb (stir-fried, stir-frying, stir-fries) [transitive] 
to cook small pieces of food quickly by moving them around continuously in very hot oil
 stir-fried vegetables

grate verb 
1 [transitive] to rub cheese, vegetables etc against a rough or sharp surface in order to break them into small pieces
 grated cheese
 Peel and grate the potatoes.

bland /blænd/ UK  US  adjetivo
1  (poco interesante) insulso -a, desabrido -a
2 (sin gusto) soso -a, desabrido -a

heartburn /ˈhɑːtbɜːn $ ˈhɑːrtbɜːrn/ noun [uncountable] 
an unpleasant burning feeling in your stomach or chest caused by acid from your stomach → indigestion

sour /saʊə/ UK  US  adjetivo
1  ácido -a, agrio -a
2  agrio -a [leche]

fattening /ˈfætn-ɪŋ/ UK  US  adjetivo
to be fattening engordar
Mayonnaise is fattening.
La mayonesa engorda.

"combination fried rice"... otherwise if it only contains shrimp, "shrimp fried rice," or pork, "pork fried rice".

umami /uːˈmɑːmi/ adjective 
having a strong pleasant taste that is not sweet, sour, salty, or bitter, especially like the tastes found in meat, strong cheeses, tomatoes etc

p. 71

ex. 6
I don’t know why, I don’t like the idea of it
Bland + I don’t feel like eating meat

T-bone steak /ˌtiːʊn ˈsteɪk $ -boʊn-/ noun [countable] 
a thinly cut piece of beef that has a T-shaped bone in it

ex. 7
afraid, through, stuffed, tender, juicy, for, thinly, served, like, spicier, kind, side, tasty.

talk through something phrasal verb
1 talk something ↔ through to discuss something thoroughly so that you are sure you understand it
 Allow time to talk through any areas of difficulty.
2 talk somebody through something to help someone understand a process, method etc by explaining it to them carefully before they use it
 Trevor talked me through loading the software.

stuffing /ˈstʌfɪŋ/ UK  US  sustantivo
1 (de un almohadón, un muñeco, etc.) relleno
2 (en cocina) relleno