Tuesday, February 20, 2018

NI2 20/2/18

p. 34

ex. 4

bake /beɪk/ UK  US  verbo
1  [intransitivo] hacer pan, pasteles, etc.
2  [transitivo] hacer [pan, pasteles, etc.], hornear

Theatre play, 2- 3 times a month
Go sailing, not very often,

Ex. 5
I hardly ever go
Boiling, suntan
All the time, not very often get the chance
Until 2.30
I play cards sometimes

p. 35
ex. 8
nearly every day, not as much as we used to, all the time, quite a lot, not that often, actually, hardly ever, whenever I get the chance, not as much as I would like to.

I used to play basket all the time when I was young. Now I don’t play as much as I would like to, in fact, I hardly ever play.

I do exercise nearly every day, I do calysthenics, go running and go swimming. Basically, I exercise whenever I get the chance.

I haven’t painted since I lost my job in LTdC.
resume /rɪˈzjuːm $ rɪˈzuːm/ ●●○ verb formal 
1 [transitive] to start doing something again after stopping or being interrupted
- She hopes to resume work after the baby is born.
- The rebels have resumed hostilities against government troops.
resume doing something
- He will resume training as soon as the injury is better.

summarize (also summarise British English) /ˈsʌməraɪz/ ●○○ AWL verb [intransitive, transitive] 
to make a short statement giving only the main information and not the details of a plan, event, report etc SYN sum up
- The authors summarize their views in the introduction.
to summarize
- To summarize, in most cases the schools were achieving the standards set.

good at (doing) something 
Alex is very good at languages. 
She’s good at making things.

Ex. 11 + 12

1- b  No, I’m useless / Yeah, quite good.
2- c No, not really  / No, I’m useless
3- d  Yeah, quite good / No, I’m useless.
4- a No, I’m useless / I’m OK

Skip rope

p. 36

injure /ˈɪndʒə/ UK  US  verbo [transitivo]
herir, lesionar
Two people were injured in the accident.
Dos personas resultaron heridas en el accidente.
She injured her knee.
Se lesionó la rodilla.
to injure yourself lesionarse, hacerse daño


banged, broke, pulled, unfit, stiff, injured, confidence, injury.

NA2 20/2/18

Homework: p. 70 reading activity, ex. 3 & 4

fortnight /ˈfɔːtnaɪt/ UK  US  sustantivo BrE
quince días, dos semanas
once a fortnight
cada quince días/cada dos semanas.

Shame on you

shame /ʆeɪm/ UK  US  sustantivo & verbo
1 what a shame! ¡qué lástima!
it's a shame (that) es una lástima que
2 vergüenza
I thought I would die of shame.
Creí que me moría de vergüenza.
4 shame on you! ¡debería darte vergüenza!
5 to put sb to shame poner en evidencia a alguien, dejar a alguien en mal lugar
 •  verbo [transitivo]
1 avergonzar, poner en evidencia

p. 72

expanse /ɪkˈspæns/ UK  US  sustantivo

volunteering, poacher

tusk /tʌsk/ UK  US  sustantivo
colmillo [de elefante, morsa]

ex. 4
gap, off, rewarding, trip, bush, living, heritage.

heritage /ˈherətɪdʒ/ UK  US  sustantivo

heir /eə/ UK  US  sustantivo
heredero -a

the heir to sth el heredero/la heredera de algo

NI1 20/2/18

halt ●○○ verb 
1 [transitive] to prevent someone or something from continuing – used especially in news reports SYN stop
- The government has failed to halt economic decline.

either ... or
a) used to begin a list of two or more possibilities
- You add either one or two cloves of garlic.
- She’s the kind of person that you either love or hate.

neither ... nor ...
used when mentioning two things that are not true or possible
- Neither Oleg’s mother nor his father spoke English.
- The equipment is neither accurate nor safe.
GRAMMAR: Negatives
After neither, use nor:
Neither he nor his wife enjoyed the vacation.
Most of them neither know nor care how it works.
Don’t say: Neither he or his wife... Most of them neither know or care ...

p. 47
ex. 7

to catch someone red-handed

cabestrillo nm    (inmovilizador del brazo)   sling n
- Para inmovilizarle el brazo le pusieron un cabestrillo.
- They put his arm in a sling to immobilize it.

Remedial exam (de recuperación)

Cheat sheet / paper

Monday, February 19, 2018

NB2 19/2/18

Lucky at cards, unlucky in love.

p. 93

ex. 6

magnet /ˈmægnət/ UK  US  sustantivo

ex. 7

the best, the worst, the fastest, the smallest, the biggest, the strangest, the hottest, the earliest, the most boring, the most interesting

Some spelling notes:

If the adjective has a CVC  (consonant+vowel+cosonant)
pattern, double the consonant and add -est. Don't forget THE!
  wet  =  the wettest
  big  =  the biggest
  sad = the saddest

Change the Y to I and add -est.
Don't forget to use THE!
  pretty =  the prettiest
  happy =  the happiest
  busy = the busiest

Thr quickest, the most beautiful cities, the cheapest, the most expensive, the most dangerous, the worst, the most difficult.

Ex. 9
The best, the worst, the oldest, the easiest, the cheast, the biggest, the most beautiful, the most popular, the most famous, the most delicious.

prawn /prɔːn/ UK  US  sustantivo
gamba, langostino

Dictation (ex. 12)

I booked the return ticket.
You can’t park the car near here.
Their flight is at half past two.
The train journey took too long.
Which route do you prefer?
First class seats are good value.
It’s the worst place in the world.
Would you like me to ask?

I love comics
- I love them too
I don’t like comics
- I don’t like comics either.

Homework: Video activity p. 94.

NA2 19/2/18

chandelierʃændəˈlɪə $ -ˈlɪr/ noun [countable] 
chandelier.jpga large round frame for holding candles or lights that hangs from the ceiling and is decorated with small pieces of glass

fitting /ˈfɪtɪŋ/ noun 
1 [countable, usually plural] British English a piece of equipment in a house, for example a cooker or a fridge, that can be moved or taken with you when you sell the house → fixtures and fittings at fixture(2)
2 [countable, usually plural] an outside part of a piece of equipment that makes it possible to use or handle it
 a sink with chrome fittings (=handle and taps)
- new light fittings

Dramatic scenery
Pictures carved out of the snow
There’s a but I’m afraid

self-ˈservice adjective 
a self-service restaurant, shop etc is one in which you get things for yourself and then pay for them

ˌself-ˈcatering adjective [usually before noun] British English 
relating to a holiday in which you stay in a place where you can cook your own food
self-catering accommodation/apartment/cottage etc

travel ●●● S2 W2 noun 
1 [uncountable] the activity of travelling
- The new job involves a fair amount of travel.

Take or last?
Both take and last are used to talk about the amount of time needed for something. We tend to use take when we are more in control of the experience and last when we have little or no control over it. Take suggests more active involvement and last implies a more passive experience. Thus we are more likely to say:
  • How long does the film last?
    ~ It's a long one. It lasts (for) over three hours
Compare also the following examples of greater and lesser control of the action using take and last:
  • It takes half an hour to prepare lunch and an hour to prepare supper usually.
  • Dinner lasts for / takes at least ninety minutes when Henry's at home - there's so much to talk about. 
  • The five-set match lasted for more than three-and-a-half hours before the champion went through to the next round 6-3, 3-6, 6-1, 6-7, 6-2. "I didn't expect it to take so long, but it took me twenty minutes to settle down in the opening set," he said afterwards.
Note that when we use preparatory it as subject and when it is followed by a personal pronoun, me, you, her, him, or them, we have to use take, not last:

  • It will take you all day to tidy your room - it's in such a mess.
  • It only takes me five minutes to put my make-up on now. It used to take me ninety minutes before I got married.

NB1 19/2/18

p. 28

ex. 2b
My uncle, my niece, my cousins, my brother-in-law, my nephew.

Grandson, grandaughter,

p. 29

how old is he / she?
What does he / she do?
He / She’s young / old / beautiful-handsome / nice /...

They are his family

p. 29
ex. 4

Alex- 26, boyfriend, policeman, good-looking, he loves his job
Dad- 55
Stepmother- Gloria, nice, hairdresser, she does my hair for free.
Her brother’s girlfriend,she’s pretty she thinks she is very intelligent but she is not really, she is at university, she studies French.

Next-> a continuación
Then-> entonces
After that-> después de eso
Later-> más tarde…

toast /təʊst/ UK  US  sustantivo & verbo
 •  sustantivo
1 tostadas
I made some toast.
He hecho tostadas.
a piece/slice of toast una tostada, una rebanada de pan tostado

p. 156

driving lessons

Homework: p. 30, ex. 3a and 3b

p. 131
my mother’s birthday, her parents’ house, at the end of the day, my sister’s friends, anne’s bag, students’ desks.

They’re mark’s, it’s Mark’s, They are Bill’s, It’s Mark’s, They’re Bill’s

Whose, whose, Who’s, Who’s, whose, who’s.

Thursday, February 15, 2018

NI2 15/2/18

would've /ˈwʊdəv/ UK  US   contracción de would have

ˌbrand-ˈnew ●●○ adjective  new and not yet used a brand-new car His clothes looked brand-new.

p. 121
ex. 10

If I had worn something lighter, I wouldn’t have been so hot.
If he hadn’t driven so fast in the rain, he wouldn’t have had an accident.
If he had read the instructions more carefully, he would have known how to use the phone.
If we had booked the tickets in advance, we would have gone to the concert. ... / we would’ve been closer to the stage.
If they hadn’t left him on his own at home, he wouldn’t have broken those things.
If I hadn’t been in a hurry, I wouldn’t have left the bag hanging from the back of my seat.

torch /tɔːtʆ/ UK  US  sustantivo (plural -ches)
1  BrE linterna
2 antorcha

Diet coke

Mixed Conditional Patterns
  • If I had won the lottery, I would be rich.
    But I didn't win the lottery in the past and I am not rich now.
  • If I had taken French in high school, I would have more job opportunities. 

Been or Gone?

Been is the past participle of be.
Gone is the past participle of go.

Use been to describe completed visits. If you have visited a place on holiday and then returned you have been there. If someone visits a place but has not come home they have gone there.
She's been to India on holiday three times.
She's gone to Moscow, she will be back next week.
When you ask someone about their past experiences use been.
You smell of beer! Have you been drinking?
Have you ever been to Paris?
Note: In British English 'been and gone' is an expression which means someone/something came along and then left.
Has John arrived yet?
He's been and gone. He was here but he had to leave suddenly.
What time does the postman usually come?
He's been and gone. There was no post for you today.

If I had arrived earlier at the bus station, I wouldn’t have missed the bus.

blame /bleɪm/ UK  US  verbo & sustantivo
 •  verbo [transitivo]
1 echarle la culpa a, culpar
They tried to  blame everything  on  Joey.
Quisieron echarle la culpa de todo a Joey.
You shouldn't  blame yourself  for what happened.
No deberías culparte por lo que pasó.
to be to blame (for sth) ser responsable (de algo), tener la culpa (de algo)
2 I don't blame you/him etc te/le etc entiendo perfectamente, no te/le etc culpo
 •  sustantivo
culpa, responsabilidad
I always  get the blame.
Siempre me echan la culpa a mí.
to take the blame (for sth) cargar con la culpa (de algo), asumir la responsabilidad (de algo)

fault /fɔːlt/ UK  US  sustantivo & verbo
1 to be sb's fault ser culpa de alguien
It's all Martin's fault.
Todo es culpa de Martin.

blame, should, my, taken, have, yours, been, fault, should, blame, had, have, fault

An early night
if you have an early night, you go to bed earlier than usual OPP a late night
have/get an early night
- I think I’ll get an early night.

ˈlie-in noun [singular] 
British English an occasion when you stay in bed longer than usual in the morning
- I always have a lie-in on a Sunday.

Go for a ride

assemble /əˈsembəl/ UK  US  verbo
1  [intransitivo] reunirse, juntarse
2  [transitivo] reunir, juntar

3  [transitivo] armar, montar

NA2 15/2/18

Exam review

NI1 15/2/18

p. 139
have to, did you have to, has to, have you ever had to have, not having to, had to, won’t have to, have to, does your boyfriend have to..., didn’t have to pay.
Sould/ought to, mustn’t, has to / must, mustn’t, have to / must, don’t have to.

I used to play chess with my father. (used to)
I’m used to running early in the morning. (be used to)
I got used to having lunch at twelve. (get used to)

p. 42.
1c, 2b, 3c, 4b, 5a, 6a, 7b, 8b, 9c, 10b, 11a, 12a, 13c, 14b, 15b

In, for, on, at, of

Speed limit, seatbelts, cycle lanes, rush hour, taxi rank.

Stuck, van, platform, set, take

Boring, frightening, excited, disappointed, depressing

Leave, engaged, hunged, screensaver, ringtone

Arrive at the hospital / in Madrid.

Women are very hard-working.
The women in the class pay more attention than the men.
A woman has more possibilities to go to university.
The woman in the corner is my teacher.

If you have the time, read the texts about sporting superstitions on p. 106 & 110.

p. 46

ex. 5b

1c , 2b, 3b, 4a, 5a

Ex. 5c

The right decision, fast/quickly, the rules, exceptions, with the ball, typical supestar

Home team
Players pretend to have been fouled

ˈshort ˌcut UK  US  sustantivo
1 atajo
to take a short cut coger un atajo

p. 140

Homework: grammarbank, ex. 5Aa & 5Ab

p. 46
ex. 6e

were playing, was, scored, protested, gave, had scored, said, scored, won

Wednesday, February 14, 2018

NB2 14/2/18

Too much and too many have negative implication.

He earns too much money-> ???????? (can that be negative)

He bought too many apples.
He drink too much alcohol. (uncountable)
He didn’t buy enough alcohol / apples.

There are enough apples / there is enough alcohol.

( God) Bless you

p. 91
ex. 10

There’s too much pollution.
There’s too much traffic.
There isn’t enough space on the road.
The cars drivers don’t leave enough space.
There are too many people on the bus.
There are too many angry people.

p. 92

ex. 1

1b, 2h, 3d, 4f, 5c, 6a, 7e, 8g
good value (for money)
British English something that is good value is not expensive, or is worth what you pay for it
- The three-course menu is good value for money.

hairdresser /ˈheədresə/ UK  US  sustantivo
1 peluquero -a
2 hairdresser's BrE peluquería

salon /ˈsælɒn, AmE səˈlɑːn/ UK  US  sustantivo
1 peluquería
2 salón (de belleza)

ice-cream/funeral/tattoo/beauty parlour
a shop or type of business that provides a particular service

barbershop /ˈbɑːbəʆɒp/ UK  US  sustantivo AmE
barbería, peluquería [de caballeros]
 ▶ En inglés británico se usa  barber's

Shop Windows

Ex. 4
Where’s the best place to eat?
Captain Nemo’s, fresh fish, take a taxi, book a table at 8.30
Where’s the best place to go shopping?
Local market on the main square.

NA2 14/2/18

p. 67
major in something phrasal verb
especially American English to study something as your main subject at college or university
- He’s majoring in Political Science.